The cultivation of wheat was started some 10,000 years ago, with its origin being traced back to south east Turkey. It was called Einkorn (T. monococcum) and genetically is described as a diploid, containing two sets of chromosomes. At a similar time Emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccum) was being domesticated.
Where do wheat originate?
Origins of Wheat The origins of our modern wheat, according to genetics and archaeological studies, are found in the Karacadag mountain region of what is today southeastern Turkey —emmer and einkorn wheats are two of the classic eight founder crops of the origins of agriculture.
Through centuries of seed selection and modern wheat breeding, wheat can be grown in every temperate climate in the world. World wheat production is perennial, that is, wheat is being harvested in some part of the world in every month of the year. Wheat is seeded anywhere from sea level to elevations of ten thousand feet.
What is the history of wheat?
The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a caryopsis. Wheat is grown on more land area than any other food crop (220.4 million hectares or 545 million acres, 2014).
You might be thinking “What is another name for the plant wheat?”
This article is about the plant. For other uses, see Wheat ( disambiguation ). Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat ( T. aestivum ).
What is the scientific name for wheat?
The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat ( T. aestivum ). The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a caryopsis .
What culture brought wheat from Asia to Europe?
The culture generally associated with the introduction of wheat and other crops from Asia to Europe is generally the Lindearbandkeramik (LBK) culture, which may have been made up of part immigrant farmers and part local hunter-gatherers adapting new technologies. LBK is typically dated in Europe between 5400–4900 BCE.